The library is the oldest modern library in the country and has the largest collection of books and Myanmar national heritage collections of palm-leaf and parabikes paper manuscripts. It has developed into a valuable store-house of all kinds of information on Myanmar history, culture and Myanmar studies. The collections of UCL are mainly for research and reference. The total collection comprises of:

Myanmar books (ca.) 234,800
English books   (ca.) 426,500
Myanmar Manuscripts (ca.) 21,000
Periodicals (ca.) 150,000 (or 3240 titles)
Microfilms (ca.) 5500
Photos (ca.) 1200
Theses (ca.) 29000