The library is the oldest modern library in the country and has the largest collection of books and Myanmar national heritage collections of palm-leaf and parabikes paper manuscripts. It has developed into a valuable store-house of all kinds of information on Myanmar history, culture and Myanmar studies. The collections of UCL are mainly for research and reference. The total collection comprises of:

Myanmar books (ca.) 183,961
English books   (ca.) 168,683
Myanmar Manuscripts (ca.) 15,126
Periodicals (ca.) 120,000 (or 1715 titles)
Microfilms (ca.) 2,096
Photos (ca.) 1,200
Theses (ca.) 30,018